Deep Muscle Soreness after Prolonged, Intense Exercise

Deep Muscle Soreness after Prolonged, Intense Exercise
This is an interesting article from Gabe Mirkin, MD on how to deal with deep muscle soreness.  At the end of the article, I also make some product recommendations that can help you with soreness as well.

Deep Muscle Soreness after Prolonged, Intense Exercise
by Dr. Gabe Mirkin, MD

You should stop exercising for several days when you feel deep muscle soreness after very long exhaustive exercise such as running a marathon (26 miles), cycling a century (100 miles), going on a very long hike or lifting heavy weights repeatedly for a long time. Prolonged deep muscle soreness after running a long distance very fast is characterized by severe damage to the muscle fibers themselves. The muscle fibers are torn, the cell membranes are ruptured and the internal content of cells leak outside into the surrounding tissue (J Neuro Sci 1983;59:185-203). Of course, you do not need to stop exercising for the mild muscle soreness that you feel after a normal hard workout.

The deep muscle soreness that follows hard running is far less likely to occur in cyclists, swimmers or athletes in other sports because running causes eccentric contractions, while swimming and cycling usually do not. Muscles move your body by pulling on bones when they shorten. However if your sport forces muscles to lengthen when they contract, the severe force on the muscles caused by eccentric contractions (stretching during contraction) tears the fibers and ruptures the membranes. When you run fast, particularly down hills, your thigh muscles try to keep the knee and hip from bending excessively when your heel hits the ground, and they are stretched and torn.

The severe soreness from muscle damage is virtually always reversible, will almost always heal completely without treatment, and is part of the training process. Mild casual exercise does not help you to heal faster, so you might just as well curtail your running for a few days until the soreness lessens.

You should not resume intense exercise until the soreness disappears completely. Highly trained, competitive athletes will recover faster by eating a diet rich in protein and carbohydrates. However, less-conditioned people with muscle soreness will only gain weight if they increase food consumption.

Although many athletes believe that massage, stretching, or cross training help to relieve deep muscle soreness, scientific research has failed to prove that they actually hasten the recovery process.

Note from Lee on Muscle Soreness

Besides following the proper training and nutrition program, there are some products that have been proven to help with muscle soreness like our new HICA MAX for example (check out our HICA MAX video also) and our Sorenzyme product as well.

In addition, Essential Fats, Creatine and Glutamine are supplements that have been proven to help speed up recovery as well.

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